Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was unrelated to Albert Sidney Johnston, another high-ranking Confederate general.
Learning of Lee's surrender at Appomattox on April 9, General Joseph Johnston began surrender talks with Sherman at Bennett Place, NC. After extensive negotiations, Johnston surrendered the nearly 90,000 troops in his departments on April 26. After the surrender, Sherman gave Johnston's starving men ten days' rations, a gesture that the Confederate commander never forgot.
Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston. Called "Uncle Joe" by his men, he was well liked by his soldiers; fought Sherman before Atlanta and then later in the Carolinas. The Battle of Bentonville was his last, desperate effort to halt Sherman; see Chapter 27 of Ghosts and Haunts of the Civil War.
Birthplace of The Confederate Battle Flag - During the First Battle of Manassas, amid the smoke of combat, troops found it difficult to distinguish between Union and Confederate flags. Generals P.G.T. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston and Quartermaster General William L. Cabell met near here in September 1861 and approved the first Confederate battle flag; a square red flag with blue diagonally crossed bars, and 12 stars. This pattern was adapted for use in other battle flags and was…