King Richard I The Lion Heart (1189-1199). House of Angevin. 21st great-granduncle to QEII. Reign: 9 yrs, 8 mos, 30 days. Successor: brother, John. 3rd son of Henry II, rebelled against his father twice before becoming King. Richard acquired a reputation as a warrior becoming known as Richard ‘The Lion Heart’. After 3 successful crusades he was captured by the Duke of Austria. Upon release he returned to England where his brother John was ruling in his stead. Was later killed at war in…
December 20, 1192: Richard the Lion-Heart captured in Austria on his way home from the Holy Land. Richard and his men had disguised themselves as low-ranking pilgrims, but were discovered nonetheless -- possibly because of a fine ring Richard wore, or possibly because of his penchant for roasted chicken (a delicacy available only to the aristocracy.) The ransom demanded was 2 to 3 times the annual income of England.
They called him Lionheart — a name that has become the epitome of courage in battle. More than eight centuries after the death of King Richard I of England, forensic scientists have now revealed the secrets of his most feted organ.
‘Beyond reasonable doubt’: King Richard III’s remains found buried beneath England parking lot He wore the English crown, but he ended up defeated, humiliated and reviled. Now things are looking up for King Richard III. Scientists announced Monday that they had found the monarch’s 500-year-old remains under a parking lot in the city of Leicester — a discovery Richard’s fans say will rewrite the history books.