Kingdom of Jerusalem - Arms and Armour. The kingdom was ethnically, religiously, and linguistically diverse, although the crusaders themselves and their descendants were an elite Catholic minority. They imported many customs and institutions from their homelands in Western Europe, and there were close familial and political connections with the West throughout the kingdom's existence.
Europe was divided into states whose rulers were involved in petty territorial disputes. In 1070 Jerusalem, the Seljukian Turks were gaining power and saw it as a threat to Christendom. In 1070 Jerusalem was taken, and in 1071 Diogenes, the Greek emperor, was defeated and made captive at Mantzikert. Asia Minor and all of Syria became the prey of the Turks. Antioch succumbed in 1084, and by 1092 remained in the possession of the Christians.
The Byzantine emperor, Alexis I feared that all Asia Minor would be overrun. He called on western Christian leaders and the papacy to come to the aid of Constantinople by undertaking a pilgrimage or a crusade that would free Jerusalem from Muslim rule. Another cause was the destruction of many Christian sacred sites and the persecution of Christians under the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim.
Henry II, King of Cyprus, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Billon Denier, 1285-1382 AD Price : $40.00 Ends on : 2 days Order Now
The Battle of Montgisard, 1177 Between Saladin the leader of the Muslim Ayyubids VS. the Kingdom of Jerusalem led by Baldwin IV of Jerusalem & Raynald de Châtillon, The Muslim army was defeated. معركة مونتجيسارد 1177، وقعت مابينصلاح الدين الأيوبي من الجانب الإسلامي في مواجهة التحالف الصليبي بقيادة بولدوين ملك مملكة بيت المقدس الصليبية و رينولد دي شاتيو لم يكن النصر حليف المسلمين في هذه المعركة.