The Kingdom of Northumbria (/nɔrˈθʌmbriə/; Old English: Norþhymbra rīce, "kingdom of the Northumbrians") was a medieval Anglian kingdom, in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland, becoming subsequently an earldom in a unified English kingdom. The name reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory, the Humber estuary.
Border tartan is one of the oldest in existence as fragments have been found in Great Britain & Jutland. Discovered at the Antonine Wall in Falkirk, Scotland (Falkirk Sett) is currently the earliest check or tartan fragment dates back to Roman times (3rd century CE) Another was found on a cloak in the peat bog at Thorsberg, northern Germany suggesting that the Germanic peoples used the design to an greater extent than those in England.
Kingdom of Northumbria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There was a settlement of some kind at Ashton long before the Norman Conquest of 1066. A small hillock on the north bank of the River Tame, overlooking a good crossing-point on the river, became a fortified position guarding the boundary between the ancient kingdoms of Northumbria and Mercia.