Set with a lapis lazuli scarab that supports the solar disk in motion, gold cloisonné pectoral, flanked by two serpents surmounted by the white crown comes from the funerary furnishings of King Sheshonq II at Tanis. It evokes the rebirth of the dead king in the form of a scarab. Cairo Museum, Egypt.
"Alexei, the long-awaited heir to the Romanov dynasty was born to Emperor Nicholas II and the Empress Alexandra Fedorovna in 1904. Unfortunately in 1911 the Heir-Tsarevich fell seriously ill, as he had inherited haemophilia from his mother via the line of Queen Victoria. The Emperor gave this egg to Alexandra to commemorate Alexei's recovery. The body and the cover of the Egg is formed from six segments of the finest lapis lazuli, embellished with gold cagework, eagles, hanging Chinoiserie…
" 5,000-year-old wooden statues, complete with gold wrapping paper and precious lapis lazuli stones as striking blue eyes, dated from Egypt's pre-dynastic era (3,700-3,200 BC), before the age of pharaohs, the oldest such artifacts ever found. ~ Lapis Lazuli was imported from Afganistan and was used by the royalty of Kemet(Egypt) in amulets, jewelry and death masks."
A sixteenth-century French jewelled pendant depicting the Roman war god Mars, with his symbolic attributes of weapons and armour; red is his colour, and it is adorned with blood-red rubies. (The Hermitage)