King Louis XIV of France (born Sept. 16, 1638). Known as the Sun King, Louis XIV of France succeeded to the throne when he was 4 years, 8 months old. He built the palace at Versailles. He died in 1715.
Called the ‘Sun King’, Louis XIV was sole ruler of France from 1661. His wide-ranging powers and luxurious lifestyle have led to his rule being regarded as the epitome of Absolutism. Louis XIV wanted to strengthen France’s position in Europe. Rivalry with the Habsburgs led to numerous wars between the two powers in the seventeenth century.
Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of monarchs of major countries in European history.