Marie Skłodowska-Curie (1867–1934) Born in Poland, she moved to France in 1891. She is the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize (physics 1903). She received a second Nobel Prize in 1911, this time in chemistry. Marie and Pierre Curie isolated polonium and radium. She actively promoted the use of radium for medical purposes throughout her life.
Irène Joliot-Curie (1897 – 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie and Pierre Curie. She was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1935 for the discovery of artificial radioactivity. This made the Curies the family with the most Nobel laureates to date. She died of leukemia from accumulated radiation exposure.
Marie Curie ~ "Marie Skłodowska-Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a French-Polish physicist and chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes – in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris."
Born Maria Skodowska on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw, Poland, in what was then part of the Russian Empire, Marie Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only woman to win the award in two different fields (physics and chemistry). Curie's efforts, with her husband, Pierre Curie, led to the discovery of polonium and radium and, after Pierre's death, the development of X-rays.