Marie de Médici (1575-1642) (1610 Frans Pourbus), daughter of Francesco I de Medici and Joanna of Austria, married Henri IV in 1600. In spite of Henri's infidelity, Marie gave birth to six children and became Regent to Louis XIII after Henri's 1610 death. Her political intriguing caused her to be exiled from court from 1618-1621, and exiled from France from 1630 until her death. Alleged to have been behind Henri IV's assassination, she pitted her sons Gaston and Louis XIII against each…
Born in Florence, Italy at the Palazzo Pitti on 26 April 1575, Marie was the sixth daughter of Francesco I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Joanna, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. Marie was one of seven children, but only she and her sister Eleanora survived to adulthood
medici family tree |Leonora di Toledo Medici. Daughter of Don Garzia di Toledo of Spain, brought up in the Medici household in Florence, then married to Pietro Medici. Murdered by her husband for infidelity. Pietro's sister was Isabella De Medici - this portrait is often mistaken for Isabella. See my pin "Murder of a Medici Princess" for their fascinating story.
Thesis-1: Politiques are people like Henry IV and Elizabeth I because they were both religiously tolerant and good to their citizens. Philip II was not like Henry and Elizabeth because he tried to make everyone Catholic.
Charles IX of France, son of Henry II and Marie de Medici,after François Clouet, c. 1565. The Venetian ambassador Giovanni Michiel described Charles as "an admirable child, with fine eyes, gracious movements, though he is not robust. He favours physical exercise that is too violent for his health, for he suffers from shortness of breath"