Most plastic pollution at sea starts out on land as litter on beaches, streets and sidewalks. After plastics enter the marine environment they slowly photodegrade into smaller pieces that marine life can mistake for food, sometimes with fatal results. Ocean gyres concentrate plastic pollution in five main areas of the world’s ocean and various research groups are bringing back alarming data documenting plastics impacts.
During the Mississippian Period (or Early Carboniferous for our European friends) 340 million years ago the Earth was warm and moist and shallow seas blanketed the planet. This led to the rise of the crinoids flower-like echinoderms also known as "sea lillies" that reached their zenith during this time. The largely marine environment and the shedding of crinoid skeletons resulted in the deposition of large numbers of limestone rock units recognizable in many road cuts around the world…
Rise Above Plastics Mission: To reduce the impacts of plastics in the marine environment by raising awareness about the dangers of plastic pollution and by advocating for a reduction of single-use plastics and the recycling of all plastics.
Plastic waste threatens lakes as well as oceans. The problem of large amounts of plastic polluting the world's oceans has been well documented in recent years. As well as bigger pieces that can choke sea creatures when ingested, there is an equally serious issue with very small fragments called micro-plastics.