Mary Queen of Scots; Born Mary Stuart at Linlithgow, 8 Dec 1542; died at Fotheringay, 8 Feb 1587. She was the only legitimate child of James V of Scotland. His death (14 Dec) followed immediately after her birth, and she became queen when only 6 days old. (pic: by Federico Zuccari).
Mary Queen of Scots: "I am myself a Queen, the daughter of a King, a stranger, and the true Kinswoman of the Queen of England. I came to England on my cousin’s promise of assistance against my enemies and rebel subjects and was at once imprisoned…As an absolute Queen, I cannot submit to orders, nor can I submit to the laws of the land without injury to myself, the King my son and all other sovereign princes…"
Mary Queen of Scots bedroom in Holyroodhouse Palace. Queen Victoria made sure that Mary Queen of Scots' bedroom and outer chamber were diligently preserved exactly the way it was left by Mary. It was in the outer chamber that Mary's beloved assistant David Rizzo was brutally murdered by her husband in front of her face. David was ripped from behind Mary's skirts and dragged across the floor before he was murdered.
Mary Queen of Scots, aged 19, in white mourning to mark the loss of three members of her immediate family within a period of 18 months. Her father-in-law Henry II died in July 1559; her mother Mary of Guise died in Scotland in June 1560; and in December of the same year her husband Francis II died. Mary, no longer Queen of France, returned to Scotland in August 1561. Wearing white was the official sign of mourning worn by women of royal blood or high-ranking courtiers.