Carol Moseley Braun (b.1947) is an American politician and lawyer who represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1993 to 1999. She was the first and only African-American woman elected to the United States Senate, the first African American U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party, the first woman to defeat an incumbent U.S. Senator in an election, and the first and only female Senator from Illinois. In November 2010, she campaigned for Mayor of Chicago, losing to Rahm Emanuel.