In Greek mythology Medusa was a Gorgon, a chthonic female monster & a daughter of Phorcys & Ceto. In a late version of the Medusa myth, related by the Roman poet Ovid, Medusa was originally a beautiful maiden, “the jealous aspiration of many suitors” & priestess in Athena’s temple. But because Poseidon raped her in Athena’s temple, the enraged Athena transformed Medusa’s beautiful hair to serpents & made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn men to stone. #myth
t h e g o r g o n s were three powerful, winged daemons named medusa, stheno, and euryale. while descriptions of gorgons vary across greek literature, the term commonly refers to any of three sisters who had hair made of living, venomous snakes, as well as a horrifying visage that turned those who beheld her to stone. of the three sisters, only medusa was mortal, and so it was her head which king polydectes of seriphos commanded the young hero perseus to fetch.