You are viewing a picture portraying a Minstrel. This is a lithograph advertising the William West Minstrel Show. The Lithograph was created in 1900, by the Strobridge Lithograph Company. Minstrel shows involved white men painting their faces black, and then putting on a show. The shows typically portrayed blacks as ignorant and of low class. The Minstrel show provided entertainment at the expense of African Americans.
minstrel shows, using some elements of satire, criticized and stereotyped black Americans as stupid, happy, watermelon-eating, do domestic jobs or servant type of job, carefree, have thick lips and big mouths, superstitious, lazy, irresponsible, violent, aggressive, and threatening. Uncle Tom, Sambo, Mammy, Mulatto and Wench, Pickaninny, and Buck were the popular cartoon depiction of black Americans in the 19th century and early to mid 20th century.
Early on, the roles that Blacks portrayed in any form of media was the "mammy" "uncle tom" "buck" "wench/jezebel" "mulatto" or "pickaninny" Sometimes, most times, blacks weren't even cast by blacks. They had whites in blackface portray Blacks on stage. http://black-face.com/