Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, or Moctezuma II, (c.1466-29 June 1520) was the ninth Aztec ruler. He was captured by Hernán Cortés, and killed in the subsequent battles. Details of his death are unknown, though it is commonly believed that he was stoned to death by his own people for failing to protect their city.
Moctezuma II v.2 The traditional predictions of Aztec religion, the engagement with the first Europeans to visit the area, and a probable mid-life crisis were too much for this highly refined and sensitive man. He seemed to wilt under the impact of it all, and his fall brought with it the end of the Aztec empire.- Peoples of the Movement West by George Stuart
Cuitláhuac, 10th tlatoani of the Aztec Empire, brother of Moctezuma II. After being held captive by the Aztecs, Cortés ordered Moctezuma to ask his people stop fighting. Moctezuma told him that they wouldn't listen to him, and in turn asked him to free his brother Cuitláhuac so he'd convince the people to stop. Once freed, Cuitláhuac led his people against the conquistadors and successfully drove them out of Tenochtitlán on June 30, 1520. After ruling for only 80 days, he died of smallpox.
The Sun Stone (or Calendar Stone), Aztec, reign of Moctezuma II (1502-20), discovered in 1790 at the southeastern edge of the Plaza Mayor (Zocalo) in Mexico City, stone (unfinished), 358 cm diameter x 98 cm depth (Museo Nacional de Antropología)
The Sun Stone (or The Calendar Stone), Aztec, reign of Moctezuma II (1502-20), discovered in 1790 at the southeastern edge of the Plaza Mayor (Zocalo) in Mexico City, stone (unfinished), 358 cm diameter x 98 cm depth (Museo Nacional de Antropología)
PENACHO DE MOCTEZUMA. Está siendo restaurado y hay la posibilidad de que pueda regresar a México. Se le conoce así a un quetzalapanecáyotl o tocado de plumas de quetzal engarzadas en oro y piedras preciosas que actualmente se encuentra en el Museo de Etnología de Viena, en Austria, que según la tradición perteneció al tlatoani Moctezuma Xocoyotzin (1466-1520), hay una réplica en el Museo Nacional de Antropología de la Ciudad de México.