Ruth St. Denis in her solo dance "Radha", 1906. modern dance pioneer, introducing eastern ideas into the art. co-founder of the American Denishawn School of Dance and the teacher of several notable performers.
Modern Dance History Unit -Loïe Fuller (1862-1928) American pioneer of modern dance and theatrical lighting (holder of many chemical compound patents). Her dance improvisation, inspired innovation in Isadora Duncan and Ruth St Denis. photo by Isaiah West Taber (1897) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loie_Fuller ~ KSM
Martha Graham Graham identified a method of breathing and impulse control she called "contraction and release." For her, movement originated in the tension of a contracted muscle, and continued in the flow of energy released from the body as the muscle relaxed. This method of muscle control gave Graham's dances and dancers a hard, angular look, one that was very unfamiliar to dance audiences used to the smooth, lyrical bodily motions of Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis.