Ng Mui is said to have been one of the legendary Five Elders—survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Temple by the Qing Dynasty. The only female of the Five, she is said to have been a master variously of the Shaolin martial arts, the Wudang martial arts, and Yuejiaquan, the family style of Yue Fei. She is also credited as the founder of the martial arts Wǔ Méi Pài.
"In 1701 a Buddhist nun by the name of Ng Mui created a system of Kung Fu in China. Watching a snake and crane fight inspired her. As the snake attacked with direct, straight attacks, the crane responded with evasive movements. The style of self-defense that she created is very effective and today it has become the most practiced style of Kung Fu in the world."
Wing Chun. Aka the founder of Chinese short form boxing was taught by a nun called Ng Mui who was proficient in plum blossom fist. Legend has it when the shaolin temple was burned down Ng Mui fled to a village where a young girl named Wing Chun was being bullied into an arranged marriage. Her only way out was to fight her husband, Ng Mui taught her the most direct boxing techniques using simultaneous attack and defence.
According to the Wing Chun master Yip Man, Ng Mui was Abbess at the Henan Shaolin Monastery and managed to survive its destruction by Qing forces during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (1662–1722). She fled to the White Crane Temple. (which this account locates in the Daliang mountains between Yunnan and Sichuan)where she met a girl of fifteen named Yim Wing-Chun (Ng Mui on left; Yim on right)
"Buddhist Abbess Ng Mui, Abbot Chi Shin, Abbot Pak Mei, Master Fung To Tak and Master Miu Hin escaped and fled their separate ways. Ng Mui took refuge in White Crane Temple on Mt. Tai Leung" And a more complete translation at: "The Origin of Wing Chun - by Grandmaster Yip Man". Heritage Martial Arts. "Tai Leung Mountain near the border between Yunan and Szechuan provinces" (Ng Miu here with her pupil Yim Wing Chun)