The origin of the St. Nicholas tradition goes back to Bishop Nicholas of Myra in Lycia (Turkey). Little solid historical information is known about Nicholas except that he was Bishop of Myra and died around A.D. 350.
Above: Detail from "The Coronation of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna," by Laurits Regner Tuxen, 1898, oil on canvas. The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Below: Empress Alexandra Feodorovna's coronation dress, Russia, 1896. Brocade, silk, silver thread, pearls, lace, silk ribbon. Moscow Kremlin Museums. CLICK FOR LARGER IMAGES.
Tsar Nicholas ll of Russia. Nicholas II – (The Romanov dynasty) is remembered because of his poor ability to govern Russia. The decisions of the Tsar provoked the Russian Revolution of 1905. The Tsar Nicholas II's ignorance led to 'Bloody Sunday'. The events of bloody Sunday resulted in resentment for the Tsarist government, the articulation of revolutionary ideas, and the influence of leadership on revolutionary movements.