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Alexander Fleming ~ discovered penicillin in 1928 and started the antibiotic revolution.  He received the Nobel prize in 1945.

Alexander Fleming ~ discovered penicillin in 1928 and started the antibiotic revolution. He received the Nobel prize in 1945.

Marie Curie - Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics and in Chemistry [1903 and 1911 respectively],

Marie Curie - Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics and in Chemistry [1903 and 1911 respectively],

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature 2013)  (b. 1931) is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature 2013) (b. 1931) is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Leymah Gbowee, Liberian peace activist and Nobel Prize winner for for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work

Leymah Gbowee, Liberian peace activist and Nobel Prize winner for for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work

John Steinbeck, Nobel Prize Winner, Riverton, CT 1985 by Bill Eppridge

John Steinbeck, Nobel Prize Winner, Riverton, CT 1985 by Bill Eppridge

Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.

Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1909: Selma Lagerlöf. Prize motivation: "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1909: Selma Lagerlöf. Prize motivation: "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"

Beyond Curie is a celebration of badass women in STEM, including all 16 female winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry, and Medicine / Physiology, as well as another 16 lady bosses who have accomplished extraordinary things in these fields.

Beyond Curie is a celebration of badass women in STEM, including all 16 female winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry, and Medicine / Physiology, as well as another 16 lady bosses who have accomplished extraordinary things in these fields.

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1991: Nadine Gordimer. Prize motivation: "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1991: Nadine Gordimer. Prize motivation: "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"

Tawakkol Karman, Winner of the Nobel Peace Price 2011 (together with two other women) "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work"

Tawakkol Karman, Winner of the Nobel Peace Price 2011 (together with two other women) "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work"

Elizabeth H. Blackburn - The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase".

Elizabeth H. Blackburn - The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase".

Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented dynamite thinking it would end all wars. In 1888, when Alfred's brother Ludvig died, a French newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred calling him the "merchant of death." Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that established the now famous Nobel Prizes. On the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, December 10, 1901, the first set of Nobel Prizes were awarded.

Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented dynamite thinking it would end all wars. In 1888, when Alfred's brother Ludvig died, a French newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred calling him the "merchant of death." Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that established the now famous Nobel Prizes. On the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, December 10, 1901, the first set of Nobel Prizes were awarded.

Marie Curie - 1st female professor at Paris U, winner of two Nobel prizes - which she donated, discovery of two elements as well as radioactivity

Marie Curie - 1st female professor at Paris U, winner of two Nobel prizes - which she donated, discovery of two elements as well as radioactivity

George Bernard Shaw, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in1925. Photographed Madame Yevonde. Vivex colour print on black card mount, 1937.    Given by Madame Yevonde, 1971  NPG P871(5)  © Yevonde Portrait Archive.

George Bernard Shaw, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in1925. Photographed Madame Yevonde. Vivex colour print on black card mount, 1937. Given by Madame Yevonde, 1971 NPG P871(5) © Yevonde Portrait Archive.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Prize motivation: "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Prize motivation: "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"