Insulin lowers blood sugar levels by enhancing membrane transport of glucose into body cells. Glucagon is released by the pancreas in response to low blood glucose levels (primarily) and raises blood glucose levels back to within normal range by release of glucose to the blood by the liver.
With regard to hypoglycemia, the contribution of diet is somewhat counterintuitive. If too much rapidly-digested carbohydrate is consumed and absorbed quickly, an ensuing hypoglycemic episode can follow if the body generates an exaggerated insulin response to bring post-meal glucose levels back down (Kuipers 1999). This is called reactive hypoglycemia (Bell 1985).
The above infographic covered the basics about how blood sugar, glucose and insulin works… including how to prevent HYPO and HYPER Glycemia. But what most people don’t understand is that your blood sugar levels literally control how you LOOK and FEEL! Insulin controls aging… wrinkles, hair loss, forgetfulness, muscle loss and fat gain. Normal Blood Glucose Levels Chart Glucose levels also affect your emotions – anxiety, panic attacks, fatigue, hunger, etc. #glucoselevels #blood sugar
Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal for significant periods without producing any permanent effects or symptoms. However, chronic hyperglycemia at levels more than slightly above normal can produce a very wide variety of serious complications over a period of years, including kidney damage, neurological damage, cardiovascular damage, damage to the retina or damage to feet and legs. Diabetic neuropathy may be a result of long-term hyperglycemia.
Each September the Alaskan wood frogs freeze. Two-thirds of their body water turns to ice. If you picked them up, they would not move. If you bent one of their legs, it would break. Their hearts stop beating, their blood no longer flows and their glucose levels sky rocket. BUt then during the spring, they thaw out and return to normal.