Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal for significant periods without producing any permanent effects or symptoms. However, chronic hyperglycemia at levels more than slightly above normal can produce a very wide variety of serious complications over a period of years, including kidney damage, neurological damage, cardiovascular damage, damage to the retina or damage to feet and legs. Diabetic neuropathy may be a result of long-term hyperglycemia.
The blood urea nitrogen or BUN is a blood test that measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the bloodstream. It reflects how well your kidneys are. When a person is dehydrated, false results might be obtained as BUN levels increase when blood is concentrated. Elevated BUN levels indicate dehydration, excessive protein intake and impaired renal function. Low BUN levels indicate over hydration, liver damage and malnutrition.
Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscle metabolism. Kidneys filter creatinine to be excreted through the urine and the renal function is reflected. Elevated levels indicate renal impairment. The opposite happens for urinary creatinine clearance; during renal impairment, urinary creatinine is extremely low. Measuring urinary creatinine clearance during unilateral kidney impairment is insignificant as the healthy kidney can still excrete creatinine through the urine.
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Elastic crisscrossed braids into a braided bun . Continuing with mental health disorders, today I'll talk about ADD Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. The symptoms can be difficult to define as it is hard to draw a line at where normal levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity end and significant levels requiring inter...
Prev post1 of 3Next According to the American Diabetes Association, 25.8 million Americans have diabetes and by 2020 half of all Americans will suffer from this disease. Diabetes causes high blood sugar (glucose) levels due to lack of insulin production or function. It is mainly classified as either Type 1, in which the body fails
Sodium and chloride are the two important electrolytes in maintaining body fluid balance. Normal sodium range is between 130-145 mEq/L while chloride is between 95-100 mEq/L. Correct levels of sodium and chloride in the blood help in maintaining normal osmotic pressure, acid-base balance and nerve impulses.
Patients with kidney disease have the symptom of high BUN level. In normal range, BUN level is 9-20mg/dL, and BUN is also used as an indicator of testing kidney function. In clinic, BUN 60 can be regarded as an index of uremia. So, what should I do with BUN 32?