On August 14, 1848, Congress created the Oregon Territory, an area encompassing present-day Oregon, Idaho, Washington, and parts of western Montana and Wyoming. Peter Burnett, a Missouri lawyer who joined an expedition to the Oregon Territory in 1843, hoped to make enough money there to repay his accumulated debt.
THE OREGON TERRITORY AND ITS PIONEERS 1846: Jarius Bonney/Jane Elkns Family and Truman Bonney/family Wintered at Sutter's Mill and girls found the gold in the creek before moving further into Oregon. Elijah Dow Hutchinson arrived in the 1830s and married Lucetta Persiette Powers
OREGON LASH LAW | The “Lash Law,” required Blacks in Oregon – free or slave – be whipped twice a year “until he or she shall quit the territory.” Deemed to harsh; the new version replaced whippings with forced labor. If a Black person was found in Oregon Country illegally, he or she was hired out publicly. After the forced labor period expired, the "employer" had six months to get the worker out of Oregon; the Sept. 1849 Exclusion Law forbade Blacks from settling in Oregon Territory.