Map featuring traditional Osage lands by the late 17th century in the states of northwest Arkansas, southeast Kansas, southwest Missouri, and northeast Oklahoma. The missionary Isaac McCoy described the Osage as "uncommonly fierce, courageous, warlike nation" and Washington Irving said they were the "finest looking Indians I have ever seen in the West."
Maria Tallchief, of the Osage Nation, was the first American prima ballerina as well as the first Native American. Tallchief's 1949 performance of Balanchine's "The Firebird" in 1949 made her world famous.
Travel the 70-mile long Osage Nation Heritage Trail in northern Oklahoma and experience some of the state's most unique and beautiful landscapes. The Osage Nation Heritage Trail begins in Ponca City and runs east along Highway 60 through Pawhuska to Bartlesville.