Since the it has been considered politically incorrect to call a black cat a black panther. The big black cats are black leopards or black jaguars and are not referred to as black panthers by anyone who knows anything about big cats.
Panther - Panthers learn to climb the tree early in their life. They are strongest tree climbers in the cat world. Just nine months after birth, young panthers can catch medium-sized prey. They learn quickly. Panthers can also jump, up to 20 feet.