"Africa’s one endemic penguin breeds in 27 scattered colonies along the coast of the Western Cape and Namibia, 24 on islands and three on the mainland. Like all penguins, its wings are modified into flippers, which allow great speed and agility in the water but are no use for flight." www.bradtguides.com
The 18 Best Penguin Species (All Of Them) | Erect-crested Penguins breed on two islands in New Zealand, numbering around 130,000. The species has yet to be studied extensively, though biologists say their populations are in decline, prompting them to be listed as endangered.