"Africa’s one endemic penguin breeds in 27 scattered colonies along the coast of the Western Cape and Namibia, 24 on islands and three on the mainland. Like all penguins, its wings are modified into flippers, which allow great speed and agility in the water but are no use for flight." www.bradtguides.com
Adélie penguins can live up to 20 years. They breed and raise their young farther south than any other penguin species. A colony of Adelie penguins can have up to 250,000 pairs of birds. French explorer Dumont d'Urville named these birds after his wife Adélie. Source: factsnfacts.com/penguins
Northern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes moseleyi) - breeds on a number of Southern Ocean islands, with the largest populations found on the islands of Tristan da Cunha and Gough. Nesting occurs on cliffs and rocky gullies. (16 photos)
One of the world rarest penguins. It breeds only on the southern coast of New Zealand and outlying islands. The mainland population is classified as endangered. The reason for decline of the penguins is the lost of the coastal forest, the nesting habitat of the Yellow-eyed penguin. The Maori name is Hoiho meaning "noisy'. This picture was taken at Moeraki on the South Island of New Zealand. Just before sunset this penguin came out of the coastal forest.
The African Penguin is the only penguin breeding in Africa, and it's possible the first penguin that Europeans encountered. It's future, however, has been jeopardized due to oil spills that has put this species in danger of extinction.