"Africa’s one endemic penguin breeds in 27 scattered colonies along the coast of the Western Cape and Namibia, 24 on islands and three on the mainland. Like all penguins, its wings are modified into flippers, which allow great speed and agility in the water but are no use for flight." www.bradtguides.com
The African Penguin is the only penguin breeding in Africa, and it's possible the first penguin that Europeans encountered. It's future, however, has been jeopardized due to oil spills that has put this species in danger of extinction.
Little penguins, also known as fairy penguins, usually have a white belly and dark blue back to camouflage them from predatory eagles above and their fish prey below. So UNSW and Parks Australia researchers were surprised to come across this very rare piebald chick recently during field research at the little penguin breeding colony on Bowen Island, at Jervis Bay on the NSW South Coast.