Learn About Important Kings of What Is Now the Middle East: Major Ancient Near and Middle Eastern Kings

This map shows the Ottoman Empire, Safavid Empire, and Mughal Empire 1500-1700 AD this was map before Salim defeated the safavids.

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The Persian Empire The Achaemenids were the first line of Persian rulers, founded by the chieftain Achaemenes (Hakaimanish) around 700 BCE. Around 653 BCE the Medes came under the domination of the Scythians, and the son of Achaemenes, a certain Teispes, seems to have led the nomadic Persians to settle in southern Iran around this time -- eventually establishing the first organized Persian state in the important region of Anshan.

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