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Phossy Jaw

Phossy Jaw

Children as young as 13 were making matches at London's Bryant & May factory, earning very little for 12-hour days in conditions which exposed them to "phossy jaw," an affliction caused by exposure to phosphorus. When an exposé about their horrific treatment was published, the company tried to tamp down the accusations—but this only led to a huge walkout. As a result, Bryant & May agreed to better working terms.

11 Photographs of Historic Women's Strikes Around the World

Children as young as 13 were making matches at London's Bryant & May factory, earning very little for 12-hour days in conditions which exposed them to "phossy jaw," an affliction caused by exposure to phosphorus. When an exposé about their horrific treatment was published, the company tried to tamp down the accusations—but this only led to a huge walkout. As a result, Bryant & May agreed to better working terms.

Tigger Time: Diamond Match Company and Phossy Jaw

Tigger Time: Diamond Match Company and Phossy Jaw

Museum of London Blog Danger in the workplace - 'Phossy Jaw' » Museum of London Blog

Museum of London Blog Danger in the workplace - 'Phossy Jaw' » Museum of London Blog

Phossy Jaw

Phossy Jaw

HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898

HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898

Thumbnail for version as of 06:13, 16 November 2011

Thumbnail for version as of 06:13, 16 November 2011

Phossy Jaw. The girls who suffered with phossy jaw ( " Matchgirls" working with white phosphorus) would begin experiencing agonising toothaches and a swelling of the gums. Over a period of time, the jaw bone would begin to abscess, and start to glow a greenish-white colour in the dark. The decaying bone tissue would eventually rot away, and the open wounds would run, giving off a foul-smelling discharge. Finally, the disease would lead to serious brain damage and death.

Phossy Jaw. The girls who suffered with phossy jaw ( " Matchgirls" working with white phosphorus) would begin experiencing agonising toothaches and a swelling of the gums. Over a period of time, the jaw bone would begin to abscess, and start to glow a greenish-white colour in the dark. The decaying bone tissue would eventually rot away, and the open wounds would run, giving off a foul-smelling discharge. Finally, the disease would lead to serious brain damage and death.

Phossy Jaw | by Bruce Riley

Phossy Jaw | by Bruce Riley

Ripper Street Phossy Jaw VFX Breakdown

Ripper Street Phossy Jaw VFX Breakdown

There are a range of diseases, traumas and skeletal markers that can occur regularly with certain types of occupations.

New Morbid Terminology: Phossy Jaw, The Occupational Disease of Matchstick Makers

There are a range of diseases, traumas and skeletal markers that can occur regularly with certain types of occupations.

Archival drawing from 19th c of phossy jaw by Mutter, via Gizmodo

New Morbid Terminology: Phossy Jaw, The Occupational Disease of Matchstick Makers

Archival drawing from 19th c of phossy jaw by Mutter, via Gizmodo

Phossy Jaw by Bruce Riley

Phossy Jaw by Bruce Riley

the way out of darkest England…… save the workers from Phossy Jaw

the way out of darkest England…… save the workers from Phossy Jaw

The Match Girls | The East End

The Match Girls | The East End

Ripper Street VFX Phossy Jaw on Vimeo

Ripper Street VFX Phossy Jaw on Vimeo