Pilgrim State Hospital - "originally designed to house 12,500 patients on 1900 acres of land" - constructed from 1930-1941 in Brentwood, New York, USA. " . . . holds the record of being the largest psychiatric hospital in the world" when population peaked at 16,000.
Pilgrim State Hospital, Brentwood, NY, 1938. A mental patient strapped into a continuous-flow tub. This method was used to calm down the patient. Their bodies were greased, which enabled them to remain in the tub for hours and gradually fall asleep.
Strangers to Reason: LIFE Inside a Psychiatric Hospital, 1938
Psychiatric patients at Pilgrim State Hospital, NY were put in a "continuous-flow bath" to calm them down. With their bodies greased, the patients can remain in the baths for hours until they fall asleep. 1938