Pinterest • The world’s catalogue of ideas

Gilbert de Clare, 5th earl of Gloucester, and his father were among the 25 barons who pledged to enforce the provisions of the Magna Carta,& both were excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. During the 1st baron's war Gilbert first sided with Prince Louis of France, but after the Battle of Lincoln, he changed sides and joined his father-in-law William Marshall, supporting the young Henry III as king.  Buried @ Tewkesbury Abbey.

37
5
2

Berenguela I (c. 1179-1246), Queen of Castile (1217) in her own right. She was the daughter of Alfonso VIII and his wife, Eleanor of England. She was Queen of Leon (1197-1204) as the wife of King Alfonso IX. Her surviving children were King Fernando III of Castile-Leon, The Infante Alfonso, and The Infantas Berenguela and Constanza.

35
5

Saint Margaret of Scotland. Queen consort of Scotland, princess of England. House of Wessex. Canonized in 1250 by Pope Innocent IV.(31st great grandmother on mom's side)

71
13
1

Defensless Languedoc Cathars are cut down by French Catholic Crusaders. From the fourteenth century Chronique de France (Chronique de St Denis), British Library, Royal 16, g VI f374v. This is the right hand side of a two panel illustration (The left half is shown above). In this panel The leading crusader can be identified by his coat of arms as Simon de Montfort.

12
1

Francis Bacon, 'Study for a Pope III' 1961, oil on canvas, © The Estate of Francis Bacon / DACS London 2014. All rights reserved.

22
3

Fontfroide Abbey or l'Abbaye Sainte-Marie de Fontfroide is a former Cistercian monastery in France, situated 15 kilometers south-west of Narbonne near to the Spanish border. It was founded in 1093 by the Viscount of Narbonne. The abbey fought together with Pope Innocent III against the heretical doctrine of the Cathars who lived in the region. It was dissolved in 1791 in the course of the French Revolution.

6
1

The horror of the Inquisitions "Anyone who attempts to construe a personal view of God which conflicts with Church dogma must be burned without pity." - Pope Innocent III

68
5
2

King John on a stag hunt. England was ruled by King John--a robust administrative system. John and his predecessors had ruled using the principle of vis et voluntas, or "force and will", taking executive and sometimes arbitrary decisions, often justified on the basis that a king was above the law. Many contemporary writers believed monarchs shd rule in accord with the custom and the law; there was no model for what should happen if a king refused to do so.

March 10, 1208, Pope Innocent III, appeals to the king of France to engage with key northern barons, his prelates, to seize Raimond VI, accused without evidence of ordering the crime on the Rhone Pierre de Castelnau, the papal legate, and especially letting develop "Albigensian heresy" in his State

3
1