Pope Leo X (1475-1521) (Pope from 1513-1521) was the first of the four Medici popes. Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, he was a great patron of the arts including artists like Raphael and MIchelangelo. His selling of indulgences led Martin Luther to post his 95 Thesis, sparking the Protestant Reformation. This famous portrait with Caridnal Giulio de' Medici (later Pope Clement VII) in the background was painted by Raphael.
Pope Leo X ~ “God gave us this, let us enjoy it” A product of the Medici clan, he entered the clergy as a boy and was elevated to the papacy as a young man. His lifestyle was more secular than spiritual and his use of indulgences brought about a revolution within Christianity. The perfect foil for Martin Luther, his reign was consumed by the Reformation. ,,,(Read more about Pope Leo X...)
The Concordat between the Vatican and the Nazis. "Cardinal Secretary of State, Eugenio Pacelli (later to become Pope Pius XII) legitimized Hitler and the Nazi government to the eyes of Catholicism, Christianity, and the world."