Cotton "Indienne"-style print open robe (dress), c. 1780's. Indienne prints were printed or painted in India, the Europeans copying in 1759. Printed cottons were hugely popular for both furnishing and dress with their exotic bright polychrome colours and because they could be washed. They were called Indienne meaning from India, whilst in France they were called toile peinte (hand painted cloth) and in England chintz derived from the Hindi word chint meaning a brightly painted cotton.
class research - Such ensembles as this were a popular choice for informal and everyday wear, worn in and out of the house. This example is significant for being made of printed cotton (chintz/calico) since this textile became increasingly popular and fashionable over the course of the eighteenth century.