Railroad Watches - In the early years, reliable watches were expensive. Railroad companies differed in their approach to this problem. There is documentation that as early as 1850, the Boston and Providence Railroad ordered 45 English watches, from Bond & Son, Boston. The Pennsylvania Rail Road also purchased pocket watches and published the rule: "Each engineer will be furnished with a watch which shall be regulated by the Station Agent at the commencement of each trip.
Elizabeth Jennings Graham was a black woman who lived in New York City. In 1854 she was told to get off a streetcar and then forcibly removed by the crew and a police officer. Jennings filed a lawsuit against the driver, the conductor, and the Third Avenue Railroad Company in Brooklyn. In 1855, she received a verdict in her favor and was awarded damages of two hundred and twenty five dollars plus costs. The next day, the Third Avenue Railroad Company ordered its cars desegregated.