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Robert Gould Shaw commanded the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, an African American regiment. Shaw had already fought in the battles of Cedar Mountain and Antietam with the 2nd MA Inf. when he took command of the 54th at the age of 25. Shaw was hesitant to leave his comrades for service in a regiment that he doubted would ever see action. Never the less, he would die leading them during their assault on Battery Wagner outside of Chalreston, SC.

from Boston Magazine

Throwback Thursday: The First Black Civil War Regiment Leaves Boston

Colonel Robert Gould Shaw - As Colonel, he commanded the All-Black 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, which entered the war in 1863. He was killed July 18th, 1863, at 26 years old, in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, near Charleston, South Carolina.