The term 'Bohemian' has come to be very commonly accepted in our day as the description of a certain kind of literary gypsy, no matter in what language he speaks, or what city he inhabits .... A Bohemian is simply an artist or littérateur who, consciously or unconsciously, secedes from conventionality in life and in art.
Three little Roma (Gypsy) boys comfort one another in front of a unit of German soldiers. The location and date are unknown, possibly France or Poland. The image was most likely taken during a deportation round up to a concentration camp or ghetto. The genocide of Gypsies during the war is called the Porajmos, which means the “devouring” or the ”destruction" in the Romani language. Unknown date and location (possibly France or Poland). Europe. Circa 1940-1944.
A Gypsy couple at the Belzec concentration camp. Many Romani were put to death in concentration camps during WWII. It is difficult to say how many due to them living a nomadic life and unable to count them.
Irish Travellers in 1946. They are often referred to by the terms tinkers, knackers or itinerants in Ireland, while in other countries the term gypsies or didicoy is used to describe the community. Travellers refer to themselves as Minceir or Pavees in their own language or in Irish as an Lucht Siúil, meaning literally "the walking people".