Omar Khayyám Born in Nishapur, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. In Bukhara he became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. Died in 1131.
Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam - is a Persian book of over a 1000 poems, many of which whose plots have made it into our lexicon, such as a "a jug of wine, loaf of bread and thou" but my favorite is: "The Moving Finger writes; and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it."