Rupert of the Rhine. - Prince Rupert of the Rhine, KG, PC, FRS (17 December 1619 – 29 November 1682), was a noted German soldier, admiral, scientist, sportsman, colonial governor and amateur artist during the 17th century. Rupert was a younger son of the German prince Frederick V, Elector Palatine and his wife Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of James I of England.
Rupert's Land, 1670-1870. In 1869 - 1870, the Hudson's Bay Company sold most of Rupert's Land, as well as the North-Western Territory, to the newly formed Canadian Government, pursuant to the Rupert's Land Act 1868. This is the largest purchase of land in Canada's history, comparable to the Louisiana Purchase of the United States of America
Louis David Riel (1844 – 1885) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political and spiritual leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and its first post-Confederation Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. Riel sought to preserve Métis rights and culture. He is regarded by many as a Canadian folk hero.
William Mactavish was a Scottish-born representative of the Hudson's Bay Company, who acted as governor of Rupert's Land and Assiniboia prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land to Canada and the creation of the province of Manitoba in 1870
During 1869, Settlers were angry at the HBC for proceeding with a sale of Ruperts land without consulting them. Also angry at surveyors, who were laying out square township with no regard of their traditional strip lots. In an effort to preserve the rights of his people, Riel organized bands of Metis to observe and confront the surveyors in the summer.