Adriaen van Cronenburg, Portrait of a lady and a young girl holding 3 flowers, 1567 - Prado  Madrid.

Adriaen van Cronenburg, Portrait of a lady and a young girl holding 3 flowers, 1567 - Prado Madrid.

Frans Pourbus the Younger (Flemish Baroque Era painter, 1569-1622) Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (1566–1633), Archduchess of Austria

Frans Pourbus the Younger (Flemish Baroque Era painter, Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain Archduchess of Austria

Isabella Clara Eugenia, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Brabant, Countess Palatine of Burgundy, Infanta of Spain, Infanta of Portugal (Co-sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands) /tcc/

The Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia Archduchess of Austria. Frans Pourbus the Younger (Antwerp 1569 - Paris

La citadelle d'Arras. The citadel of Arras was built between 1668 and 1672 by Vauban and d'Aspremont. This double line of fortifications, designed to protect the kingdom from the invasions of the Spanish Netherlands, was nicknamed "la belle inutile" (the useless beauty), in view of its position behind it.  © Photo city of Arras

La citadelle d'Arras. The citadel of Arras was built between 1668 and 1672 by Vauban and d'Aspremont. This double line of fortifications, designed to protect the kingdom from the invasions of the Spanish Netherlands, was nicknamed "la belle inutile" (the useless beauty), in view of its position behind it. © Photo city of Arras

Germany, Holland and the Spanish Netherlands in 1678

Germany, Holland, and the Spanish Netherlands, by Charles Colbeck from The Public Schools Historical Atlas

Spanish Netherlands - Wikiwand

The Low Countries were the main theater during the Nine Years War.

Frans Pourbus the Younger, detail of the full length portrait in the Royal Collection - Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (1566–1633), Archduchess of Austria - ruled the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries, and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert, whom she married at the age 33.

Frans Pourbus the Younger, detail of the full length portrait in the Royal Collection - Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain Archduchess of Austria

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