Leonidas statue in Sparta. Sparta was a prominent city-state in Ancient Greece. Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces during the Greco-Persian Wars. Between 431 and 404 B.C., Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens.
Sparta, Greece "You should reach the limits of virtue, before you cross the border of death." '...learn to love death's ink-black shadow as much as you love the light of dawn. ' 'Here is courage, mankind's finest possession, here is the noblest prize that a young man can endeavor to win.' `Some selected lines from the works of the Spartan poet Tyrtaeus.