Sphinx... THE SPHINX (or Phix) was a female monster with the body of a lion, the breast and head of a woman, eagle's wings and, according to some, a serpent-headed tail. She was sent by the gods to plague the town of Thebes as punishment for some ancient crime. There she preyed on the youths of the land, devouring all those who failed to solve her riddle.
Gynosphinx- Greek myth: a monster with the body of a lion, wings of a bird, and head of a woman. She would guard pathways and would block the traveler to ask him a riddle. If the traveler got the riddle right he would be on his way and the sphinx would leave. If he got it wrong then the sphinx would eat him.