By 1865 the outline of the fashionable dress changed. The shape at the back of the body grew more exaggerated with a distinctive flattening at the front. Crinolettes, or half-crinolines, marked the mid-point between the cage crinoline and the bustle. They often had extra loops of steel, which acted as a bustle.
Hoop Skirt: Bradley's "Patent Duplex Elliptic Spring Skirt" Made in New York, United States c. 1867-68 Made by Wests' Bradley & Cary, New York Cotton-covered spring steel hoops; cotton tapes; copper alloy buckle, fasteners, and patent grommet Circumference: 109 inches (276.9 cm) Diameter: 35 inches (88.9 cm)