The idea of Virtual Reality is present in movies such as :TRON: Legacy (2010). Films such as this present to us the use of Virtual Reality in both a Dystopian state and Utopian state. This is known as Technological Determinism.
Mechanistic Models - Reductionism, like technological determinism in general, is a mechanistic mode of explanation associated with positivism: a philosophical stance based strictly on the scientific method. Machines offer tidy models of phenomena for mechanistic theorists. It is common among social theorists to refer to 'mechanisms of change'. Machines serve a designated function and operate strictly according to cause and effect.