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Iron two-case inro was made in the mid-19th century by Hirata Harumasa, a member of the Hirata family of jewellers whose main speciality was sword fittings, but who occasionally worked on inro. The clumps of irises can be seen as emblems of victory, as the leaves resemble sword blades.

from Healthinnovations

Researchers identify the mechanism of protein clumps in the brain of patients with ALS.

Almost a decade ago scientists first described the clumps of TDP-43 that commonly appear in the degenerated brain or nerve cells of those with FTD or ALS. However, whether the clumps were a cause or an effect of the diseases, and exactly what they did, was unknown. Postmortem histology of nearly every patient with the lethal neurodegenerative disorder amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and many with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), show telltale clumps of a protein called TDP-43. Now…

Monday, Jan. 6, 2014: A dark clump of plasma rose above the sun, then twisted and spun before breaking away and dissipating on Dec. 16-17, 2013. (The clump appears in the center of the image below the bright loops.) This image comes from a 12-hour video clip which showed magnetic forces pulling the clump in different directions before a coronal mass ejection thrust it into space. The large loops emerging from the sun north of the small mass trace magnetic field lines above several active…