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The Treaty of Nanking (or Nanjing) was signed on 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China. It was the first of what the Chinese called the unequal treaties because Britain had no obligations in return.

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This is a painting of the signing of the 'Treaty of Nanking' which ended the first Opium War! In this treaty the Qing government had to pay Britan six MILLION silver dollars for the confiscated Opium, plus 3 million dollars in debts and finally 12 million dollars for the cost of the war. Also, Hong Kong became a 'Crown Colony'(a type of colonial administration). (MS) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Nanking#

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Treaty of Nanking, 1842. The opium war between the British and the Chinese lasted between 1839 and ended with the treaty in 1842 between Queen Victoria and the Chinese Emperor Daoguang.

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This impeccable Victorian silver presentation tray honors the Treaty of Nanking, Hallmarked London, 1845. ~ M.S. Rau Antiques

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1842 Treaty of Nanking medal. On 29 August 1842, British representative Sir Henry Pottinger and Qing representatives, Qiying, Yilibu, and Niujian, signed the treaty. It consisted of thirteen articles and ratification by Queen Victoria and the Daoguang Emperor was exchanged nine months later. The fundamental purpose of the treaty was to change the framework of foreign trade which had been in force since 1760 (Canton System).

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“The Signing and Sealing of the Treaty of Nanking in the State Cabin of H.M.S. Cornwallis, 29th August, 1842” (detail), Painted by Capt. John Platt. #Treaty_of_Nanking

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The Treaty of Nanjing, 29 August 1842. signaled the end of the First Opium War between the British Empire and Qing Dynasty. The treaty was signed and negotiated aboard the British gunship HMS Cornwallis while anchored at Nanjing.

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Shipping in the Pearl River off Canton © National Maritime Museum In 1842 the Opium War between Britain and China ended with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking. This effectively opened up the five main Chinese ports to European traders. This is a view across the Pearl River at Canton towards the European 'factories' or trading posts, which the European merchants were not allowed to leave. By 1794 Britain was buying four million kilograms of tea each year- British East India Company

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