Symbolism of The Tudor Rose: 22nd August 1485 – The Battle of Bosworth Field was won by the Lancastrians. Their leader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, became the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty by his victory and subsequent marriage to a Yorkist princess. His opponent Richard III, the last king of the House of York, was killed in the battle.
Aug 22nd, 1485- Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field, making Henry VII King of England; the Tudor dynasty begins. IMAGE: A stained glass from St. James Church, Sutton Cheney showing Richard III and Henry VII facing one another at Bosworth Field. Photo by John Taylor via Wikimedia Commons.
The Tudor Rose became the heraldic emblem for the union of the rival Houses of York and Lancaster (owners of the heraldic white rose and red rose, respectively) into the House of Tudor. The Houses had, for 30 years, engaged in the War of the Roses, until Henry VII, descendant of a legitimized branch of the House of Lancaster, captured the throne in battle. The House of Tudor failed in1603 with the death of the "virgin queen," Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII.