Belva Lockwood (1830-1917)- lawyer, activist who fought for women & minority equal rights. First woman to argue a case before the US Supreme Court & argued sucessfully for bill to give federal female employees same pay as men. Helped Cherokee people win $5 milliom reimbursement from gov't. Ran for US Pres. twice
The Supreme Court case, Plessy vs. Ferguson, stated that being separate but equal was okay. Later that case was overturned in 1954 with the Supreme Court case, Brown vs. Board of Education. This case was important because it brought segregation into the US, which left a negative impact in the American society.