Raynauds disease is a peripheral vascular disease characterized by abnormal vasoconstriction of the extremities. Smoking cessation is one of the most important lifestyle changes that a client needs to make.
Claudication:Claudication refers to limping because of pain in the thigh, calf, and/or buttocks that occurs when walking. Claudication may be a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PAD is caused by a narrowing or blockage of arteries in the legs and/or aorta, which may cause decreased blood flow to the muscles of the calf, thigh, or buttocks. This decreased blood flow may cause claudication. The pain associated with claudication occurs with walking but disappears at rest.