Map of Welsh castles. The castles of Wales were not only built by the English as part of their conquest and control of the local population, many were built by the Welsh Princes themselves. Internal feuding between them led to weakness and made conquest that much easier. How many other places in the old British Empire fell for the exact same reason ? rjp
Conwy Castle- magnificent castle construction began in 1283. The castle was an important part of King Edward I's plan of surrounding Wales in "an iron ring of castles" to subdue the rebellious population. The highly defensible wall Edward built around the town was intended to protect the English colony planted at Conwy. The native Welsh population were violently opposed to English occupation of their homeland.