Ghost Dance : Crazy Horse while ghost dance. - Circa 1890 - Photographer unknown. - Practice of the Ghost Dance movement was believed to have contributed to Lakota resistance. In the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, U.S. Army forces killed at least 153 Miniconjou and Hunkpapa Lakota people.
Chief Bigfoot lies dead in the snow where he fell after the massacre at Wounded Knee. A severe snow storm hit shortly after the firing stopped. Three days passed before anyone went back to remove and bury the dead. All the bodies were frozen. Chief Bigfoot still held his rifle in this pose. It was removed just prior to the photo.
Dead Indians are frozen in the ice the morning after the Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890. The Wounded Knee massacre remains very much in the hearts and minds of Lakotas, with many annual remembrance ceremonies and pilgrimages to the site. The Wounded Knee massacre marked the symbolic end of large-scale Native American armed resistance in the United States.
Chief Dewey Beard or Wasu Maza ('Iron Hail', 1858-1955) was Minneconjou Lakota, fought in Battle of Little Big Horn as teenager. After George Armstrong Custer's defeat, Wasu Maza followed Sitting Bull into exile in Canada, then back to So Dakota, where he lived on Cheyenne River Indian Reservation. When he died in 1955, at age of 96, Dewey Beard was last known Lakota survivor of Battle of Little Big Horn, & last know survivor of Wounded Knee Massacre.