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Wright Flyer III - ver the winter of 1904-1905, the Wright brothers built a new aircraft, the Wright Flyer III. Orville first flew this airplane on 23 Jun 1905. Flyer III had a new airframe and an upgraded engine with slightly larger cylinders, but it was essentially the same design and had the same marginal performance and instability as Flyers I and II. These shortcomings caused a major crash on 14 July 1904 that all but wrecked the airplane, but from which Orville emerged unscathed.