The Australian Merino derives its name and basic appearance from the Spanish breed, it is a distinct breed in its own right, developed and adapted in Australia to the specific conditions of this country. Merino sheep were brought to Australia from the Cape Colony, England, Saxony (South East Germany), France, and America. The Australian Merino is not a single homogenous breed but a number of strains of sheep all of which, regardless of their origins, are uniquely Australian.
National Library of Australia nla.pic-vn4651552 A woman standing in doorway of hut with bark roof, Gulgong, New South Wales, ca. 1872 [picture]. 1872 or 1873. 1 photograph on carte-de-visite mount : sepia toned ; 6.3 x 10.4 cm. Part of B.O. Holtermann archive of Merlin and Bayliss photographic prints of New South Wales and Victoria [picture]. between 1872 and 1888.