Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to spend the first part of their sentence in the prison where they had awaited trial, usually in solitary confinement....In the early 19th century, most prisoners awaiting transportation were sent to the 'hulks' in London before being assigned to a convict ship and leaving England."

Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to…

FREE book about #Australia #history from Project Gutenberg - Early Australian History, by Charles White. EARLY AUSTRALIAN HISTORY. CONVICT LIFE In New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land. PARTS I & II - THE STORY OF THE TEN GOVERNORS, AND THE STORY OF THE CONVICTS.

Early Australian History - Convict Life in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, by Charles White

Convict hulk Australia

floating prisons with men and women who would be sent to Australia

Convict love token, Australia,1792 - "Convicts sentenced to transportation to Australia often gave their loved ones tokens as keepsakes. These are also known as 'leaden hearts'. Typically tokens were made by rubbing a coin and then engraving or stippling pictures and personal messages onto the smooth surface. The tradition of giving love tokens originated with sailors who left tokens for their sweethearts."

Convict token signged 'M C' 'When on the Peice you Cast and Eye - Think on the Man that is Not Nigh'.

Convict love token c.1786/7. Courtesy Powerhouse Museum

Powerhouse Museum - Convict Love Token belonging to Thomas Tilley who arrived on the First Fleet ship Alexander in Find out more about the voyage of the convict ship Alexander at Free Settler or Felon

Convict conduct sheet--records the details of a convict's sentence, arrival in the colony, physical appearance, and conduct.  These are not available for all convicts of the colony.

Convict conduct sheet--records the details of a convict's sentence, arrival in the colony, physical appearance, and conduct. These are not available for all convicts of the colony.

Thomas Watling, Letters from an exile at Botany-Bay to his aunt in Dumfries : giving a particular account of the settlement of New South Wales, with the customs and manners of the inhabitants. 1794. Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales: http://library.sl.nsw.gov.au/record=b2492659

Thomas Watling, Letters from an exile at Botany-Bay to his aunt in Dumfries : giving a particular account of the settlement of New South Wales, with the customs and manners of the inhabitants. 1794. Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales: http://library.sl.nsw.gov.au/record=b2492659

Hobart Town

Hobart from the corner of De Witt and Cromwell Streets


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